Ryde Dental Care
17 Ryedale Rd, West Ryde NSW 2114
Dr Chad Hazouri
Cosmetic and General Dentistry

Orthodontic Dentistry

An introduction to the straightening of teeth

Crooked teeth are a common dental problem.
Some experts have estimated that up to seven people out of ten would benefit from orthodontic treatment at some point in their lives.

Orthodontic literally means “straight teeth”. And is the branch of dentistry which deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of problems in the alignment of teeth and jaws. “Occlusion” in the contact of the upper and lower teeth during chewing or when the jaws are closed. And is commonly called “bite”. Proper occlusion in important for good oral health and for an attractive appearance of the mouth and teeth. A person who has an alignment problem with their teeth or jaw has a “malocclusion”, which literally means “bad bite”. The aim of orthodontic treatment is to correct the malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment involves the design and use of corrective appliances known as braces, plates and headgear, among others.

These appliances move teeth by exerting a constant light pressure to them. When the appliances are tightened, the teeth receive more pressure. In response to pressure, a tooth will move slowly through the jaw bone. This process will case some tenderness and sometimes pain, but most people report that the discomfort is minor.

Due to developments in technology, the appliances used today are more comfortable and effective than before. Modern braces are not as visible as earlier devices.

The importance of straight teeth

People have orthodontic treatment to improve the appearance, health and function of their teeth.

These days, with good oral hygiene and regular dental care, teeth should last a lifetime.

Appearance: People are very aware of how their teeth look to others And attractive smile can play an important role in enhancing self-confidence.

Hygiene: It is more difficult to clean teeth that are crowded and overlapping. Inadequate cleaning is a major factor in tooth decay, gum disease and eventual tooth loss. Chewing Your ability to chew food is best when your bite is correct. Proper and thorough chewing of food aids digestion.

Speech problems: Some people have difficulty speaking properly because of alignment problems with their teeth and jaws.

Gum damage: Is severe malocclusion’s the teeth may damage the gum. For example, in case of deep bite, the lover front teeth can bite into the gum behind the upper front teeth.

Tooth wear: Crooked teeth often show abnormal patterns of wears.

Orthodontic problems

Even though a person’s smile may appear presentable, a significant malocclusion may still be present. Warning signs which indicate that you or your child should seek an orthodontic assessment include:

Crowded or overloaded teeth

Protruding Teeth

Reverse Bite

Deep Bite

Open Bite

Cross Bite

Missing Teeth

Thumb or Finger Sucking

When to seek an orthodontic assessment

Orthodontic problems can be apparent by seven to nine years of age, when most of the adult front teeth have come though.

However, problems may be detected earlier than this.

Early Treatment

Early examination of the teeth and jaws allows the dentist and orthodontist to detect and evaluate problems and plan the best treatment. In some cases, early treatment may prevent orthodontic problems from getting worse. It may also result is shorter and les complicated treatment if more treatment is required at a later age. In, most patients, the optimal time to start orthodontic treatment is after the last baby tooth has been shed. This usually occurs by 12 years of age.

Treatment for adults

In the past, orthodontic treatment was generally restricted to children and teenagers. However, the basic process involved in moving teeth in the same at any age, and orthodontic treatment is also successful for adults. Treatment is usually longer for adults because their jaw bones are more dense than in children. As an adult’s facial bones are no longer growing, some severe malocclusions cannot be corrected with braces alone. In such cases orthodontic treatment combined with jaw surgery (called “orthognathic” surgery) can achieve improvements.